高考英语写作攻略 | 把握住,分就是你的

中财网 2019-06-16

高考英语写作全攻略

高考英语,作文是最能拿分的部分!不管大家底子孰强孰弱,写作这个需要有自己观点及能力的部分,如果有针对性的积累高级词汇、句型,加上合适的语法运用,那将使作文分数提高一个档次!

一、八大功能段

一、现象 / 问题描述功能句

1.In recent years, …is becoming increasingly popular/prevalent at an amazing rate.

近年来,…越来越流行。(现象)

2.Along with the development of society, more and more problems are brought to our attention, one of the most serious problem is that…

随着社会的发展,越来越多的问题已经得到关注,其中最严重的是…(问题)

3.….,which has attracted extensive attention of the society, which can be found in TV programs, newspapers, university classes and many aspect of our everyday life.

当今,…得到了大家的广泛关注,并可以在…被发现.

二、分析原因功能句

1.总原因的阐述(三选一)

1)A number of factors are accountable for this situation.

2)A number of factors might contribute to/account for the phenomenon/problem.

3)The answer to this problem involves many factors.

 许多原因导致这个问题、现象。

2.分析原因功能句(由原因数量决定)

1)One of the most common factor is that…

2)Another contributing cause is…

3)Perhaps the primary reason is that…

4)But the fundamental element is that…

三、解决问题功能句(总-分-总)

1.措施主题句

——has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life, which has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.

…在日常生活中发挥着越来越重要的作用,它给我们带来了很多好处,同事也给我们带来了一些问题。

2.分措施

First and foremost, government should establish some regulations to… What’s more, people should get ready to… After all, it is necessary to advocate the whole society to…

首先,政府需要建立规则…,老百姓需要做…,整个社会需要做…

3.解决问题总结句

All in all, we must keep highly alert of the problems evoked by it, because once the harmful influence accumulates to a certain degree, it will surely threaten the development of the whole society.

总之,我们一定要警惕它给我们带来更多的问题,因为这个负面影响积聚到一定的程度,它一定会威胁我们社会的发展。

四、观点阐述功能句(总-分-总)

1.观点主旨句(选择之一)

1)People have (take, adopt, assume) different attitudes towards sth.

2)People have different opinions on this problem.

3)People take different views of (on) the question.

不同的人有不同的观点。

2.观点1

According to a survey, some people are in favor of the idea of doing X. They point out the factor that 支持X的第一个原因 they also argue that 支持X的另一个原因

根据调查,一些人支持…,他们认为…,他们还认为…

3.两个观点之间的衔接句

1)There is a grain of truth in these statements, but they ignore a more important fact.

上述阐述有很多正确性,但是他们忽略了一个重要的事实。

2)A close examination would reveal how ridiculous the statement is.

最近的调查会显示出这个观点有多么的荒谬。

4. 观点2

1)other people who stand on a different ground consider that… they firmly point out+反对x的第一个理由。

2)An example can give the details of this argument:例子

然而,其他的人有相反的观点,他们认为

五、观点结论功能句(选择之一/总-分-分)

1.From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that…

综上所述,我们可以得出下面的结论。

2.It is difficult to say whether… is good or not in general as it depends very much on the situation of… .However, from a personal point of view.

我们很难说…是好还是坏,因为它取决于…。然而,在我看来。

六、展望未来功能句(选择之一)

1.….is crucial for every individual. With its seemingly magic power, it can not only accelerate better individuals ’development, but serve as an efficient instrument for individuals to change the world.

…对每个人来说都是重要的,有了它的神奇力量,它不仅…还可以…

2.It can directly promote the rapid progress of the organization and indirectly spurs continuous development of the individuals. And eventually brings economic prosperity and social harmony.

它可以直接促进… 还可以带来… 

七、漫画描述功能句

1.According to the figure /number/statistics/percentages in  the /chart/bar graph/line/graph, it can be seen that…

2.As is vividly shown/described/depicted in the cartoon/picture,

如图所示

八、引语解释功能句

1.There is an old saying____. It’s the experience of our forefathers, however, it is correct in many cases even today.  

古话说:“…”,但是现今仍然是准确的。

.作文类

一、漫画、图表、引语类作文

第一段:描述图表/漫画/引语含义

(漫画、图表、引语描述功能句)

第二段:分析原因/观点阐述

(分析原因/观点阐述功能句)

第三段:展望未来/解决问题

(展望未来/解决问题功能句)

二、现象解释类作文

第一段:描述现象,引出话题

(现象描述功能句)

第二段:阐述正反观点

(观点描述功能句:总+分+总)

第三段:总结观点

(观点总结功能句) 

三、问题解决类作文

第一段:问题描述

(问题描述功能句)

第二段:解决问题的原因

(分析原因功能句)

第三段:解决问题的措施

(解决问题功能)

四、对比观点类作文

第一段:正方观点+理由

(观点阐述功能句)

第二段:反方观点+理由

(观点阐述功能句)

第三段:我的观点

 (观点总结功能句)

五、应用文

(求职信、辞职信、建议信等)

1.写作目的

2.写信内容

(注意格式)


文章来源自网络,欢迎收藏及转发到朋友圈,如涉及版权问题,请及时联系删除